The most common terms you’ll hear when diving into the world of medical marijuana are Sativa and Indica. These names refer to the two major types of cannabis, and each provides different effects and benefits. While these classifications are broad, they can give you an idea of what to expect when using each, helping you determine which type of marijuana you should purchase for yourself.
Below is a simple guide to help you understand everything you need to know about Sativa and Indica:
Indica is a type of cannabis plant that grows in cold climates, particularly mountainous regions. Indica plants are shorter and have a much denser flower or bud structure than Sativa.
The main effects of Indica on the body include pain relief, sedation, relaxation, and euphoria. They are known to be the type of marijuana that’s best for giving users a feeling of calmness and tranquillity, making Indicas a great substance to relieve chronic pain and inflammation. Indica can also help induce sleep and battle insomnia.
This type of cannabis is typically found in regions with tropical climates. Sativas have a taller structure, which makes them look like trees. Unlike Indicas, Sativas are less dense when it comes to bud structure.
The main effects of Sativa include an uplifted mood, euphoria, and induced appetite. Sativa is perfect for treating mood disorders and is also great for battling nausea and migraines.
Hybrids are crosses between Indica and Sativa. They offer a combination of the effects of both classifications. However, the strength of the effects of a hybrid will depend on the more dominant type. For example, if a hybrid is more sedative than appetite-inducing, it is leaning more towards Indica than Sativa, though it may have attributes from both.
Additionally, different types of cannabis are more of a spectrum between effects depending on contributing factors, such as their parent plants. These are known as “strains” and they vary according to a specific hybrid’s plant profile.
Contributing Factors to Strain Classification
The following are a few examples of factors that contribute to the classification of strains:
Cannabinoid or the chemical compounds found in cannabis plants. These compounds act on receptors in the body and the two well-known receptors of marijuana include Cannabidiol (CBD)and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
The main difference between these two compounds is that THC has psychoactive effects on the user and CBD does not. THC is also what helps relieve pain and stimulate appetite, while CBD leans more towards medicinal benefits.
Another contributing factor to strain classification is Terpenes, which is the smell of a specific cannabis strain. Terpenes compounds affect the aroma of a cannabis plant, and also act on receptors, providing medicinal benefits such as mood elevation and pain relief.
Sativa and Indica are the two gates to the whole world of marijuana. The combination of both types can lead to various strains that provide a range of benefits, depending on the dominant type. Knowing the difference between Sativa and Indica will give you a better understanding of different strains and what would be suitable for your needs.
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